Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer is a cancer that develops in the cells of the breast

What causes Breast Cancer?

We don’t know, but we know that age, genetic s, personal health history, and diet are all connected.

What are the symptoms of Breast Cancer?

  • Lump (which may be small) or thickening in or near the breast or underarm.
  • Change in size, shape, or contour of the breast.
  • Blood-stained or clear fluid discharge from the nipple.
  • Change in feel or appearance of breast or nipple skin (dimpled, puckered, scaly, or inflamed).
  • Redness of the skin on the breast or nipple
  • Change in shape or position of nipple.

How is Breast Cancer diagnosed?

A breast exam by a doctor, possibly followed by mammogram, ultrasound, or biopsy.

How is it treated?
Treatment depends on the size and location of the tumor, the results of tests, and the stage or extent of the disease.

Steps for early breast cancer detection:
Have breasts examined once every three years after age 20, every year after age 40
Women at high risk should have annual screening mammograms, starting from an earlier age.

Why do women come in late?
There are many reasons, most are lack of awareness, and many women fail to recognize a breast lump as a serious sign since most times it is painless, other reasons are false hope given by friends, relatives and well-wishers.

What should women do?
The hope for survival lies in early detection and prompt medical care. So women are encouraged to have their breasts checked regularly by a competent health care provider at least once every 1-2 years , those with a family history of a close relative with breast cancer are particularly at high risk . Self-breast examination at least once a month is encouraged too. This information can be discussed in more detail with your nearest service provider.

What about men?
Men also develop breast cancer and should take any pain or swelling in the breast seriously, seek care at a medical facility nearest to them and not just wish the pain or lump away.

 

 

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