What is Prostate Cancer?
• Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the prostate, a gland found right below the bladder. If it isn’t treated, prostate cancer follows a natural course, starting as a tiny group of cancer cells that can grow into a full-blown tumor. In some men, prostate cancer that isn’t treated can spread and cause death.
Who is at Risk?
• Every year more than 1,500 Ugandans are diagnosed with prostate cancer, and many more may have prostate cancer but not know about it. It is one of the most common forms of cancer in men around the world. The most common risk factor is age (over about 50 years of age). The older the man, the greater the chance of getting Prostate Cancer. Men who have a father, son, or brother who had prostate cancer are at an increased risk.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
• Weak or Interrupted flow of Urine
• Difficulty starting Urinating
• Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
• Pain or burning during urination
• Blood in the urine
• Pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away
• Painful Ejaculation
NB: If you have any symptoms that worry you, be sure to see your doctor right away. Keep in mind that these symptoms may be caused by conditions other than Prostate Cancer
What Can You Do About It?
• A regular physical examination and a simple blood test (called a PSA test) are the keys to early diagnosis.
• You should start having regular physical exams and PSA tests in your mid 40s or early 50s.
• If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you should start having regular tests in your 40s.
• Early diagnosis will allow you to have early treatment, if this is necessary.
• If prostate cancer is diagnosed and treated early, then your risk of dying from this illness is small.
• If prostate cancer is diagnosed late (when it has spread to other parts of the body), then prostate cancer cannot be cured.
Prevention of prostate Cancer
Because there is no proven prostate cancer prevention strategy, but one may reduce the risk of prostate cancer by making healthy choices, such as exercising and eating a healthy diet.
• Choose low fat diet
• Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables you eat each day
• Exercise most days of the week
• Talk to your doctor about the risk.